Symptoms of BPD
People with BPD typically experience some, but not necessarily all, of these symptoms. See a mental health professional for a proper diagnosis.
- Feeling empty, low self-esteem
- Deep feelings of insecurity
- Difficulty coping with fear of abandonment and loss
- Continually seeking reassurance, even for small things
- Expressing inappropriate anger towards others whom they consider responsible for how they feel
- A fragile sense of self and one’s place in the world.
- Paranoia or emotional detachment
- Anxiety about relationships, efforts to avoid being abandoned
- Impulsive, risky behaviour
- Self-harm, threatening or attempting suicide
- Anger, moodiness, irritability
- Impulsiveness: This impulsiveness is a response to feeling emotionally overwhelmed, and may include self-harm (for example, cutting, burning or abuse of alcohol or drugs) or attempts at suicide. Self-harm may bring short-term relief from emotional distress, but can have a longer-term negative impact on the person.
- Confused, contradictory feelings
- Frequent questioning and changing of emotions or attitudes towards others, and towards aspects of life such as goals, career, living arrangements or sexual orientation.
Some people with BPD may also have symptoms of other mental illnesses. They may experience symptoms associated with anxiety or mood disorders, such as excessive worrying and having panic attacks, obsessive behaviour, hoarding or having unwanted thoughts, feeling persistently sad, moving or talking slowly, losing sexual interest or having difficulty concentrating on simple tasks.
They may even experience psychotic symptoms such as delusions or false beliefs — believing, for example, they are being deceived, spied on or plotted against.